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AmaButho (Eastern Cape)

Explanation
quasi-military UDF formations consisting of both armed soldiers and ordinary civilians, with their own command structures. While neither the UDF nor the ANC controlled these structures directly, they were seen at the time as being broadly in line with the strategy of a 'people's war'. They were most active in the 1980s and particularly in areas around the Eastern Cape.

... the last week of August. Segments from Uitenhage include the March 1985 Langa township massacre and the violent clashes between UDF supporting Amabutho and Africanist Ama-Afrika groups, following the forced removal of thousands of Langa residents to KwaNobuhle. The Durban hearings cover the ...
... African police footage shot from a helicopter which shows David Ntombela’s car driving over the bridge over the flooded Umsunduzi river as the AmaButho to attack the rural community of KwaShange in Vulindlela. It is significant that the police had full awareness of this event taking place as ...
... and the state’s manipulation of differences led to a new cycle of conflict. Between 1986 and 1990 the feud between the UDF youth known as Amabutho and Africanist supporters, known as Ama-Afrika engulfed the community in horrific violence. Gail Reagon was ...
 
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