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ANC camps

Explanation
The ANC established bases in several African countries. The Department of Intelligence and Security (DIS), together with the military headquarters of MK, had control over residential centres and the Angolan camps, including 'Camp 32' or the Morris Seabelo Rehabilitation Centre (popularly known as 'Quatro'), Panga, Viana and the Nova Catengue camp. Following the SADF bombing of Nova Catengue camp in 1979, there was an atmosphere of paranoia about infiltration by South African agents. A number of ANC members were detained and tortured; some died as a result of assaults and some were executed. Dissatisfaction in MK training camps in Angola led to mutinies at the Viana and Pango camps during 1984. Both mutinies were put down with loss of lives on both sides. Many MK members were detained in connection with the uprisings, and some were tortured. Two groups of mutineers were tried by military tribunals and seven were executed.

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(We will need to elaborate models for both urban and rural localities, for squatter camps and possibly for industrial zones. There is the need for defence structures on mine compounds. NUM have established these at some mine hostels and important lessons have been learnt. There is also the need to ...
... of the NEC shall be the organ which decides on the distribution and use of all weapons and explosives in any given area. All members of the ANC who possess a personal weapon or weapons are under obligation to declare it or them to the authorised organs or persons in the Movement for ...
In the ordinary normal regular training programmes of the ANC, in all our military camps, ever since we have had Umkhonto weSizwe, these matters about the purpose, the purpose for which people take up arms, the attitude to persons, the attitude to life - I am sure, Mr Vally, you have also done some ...
not attempted to research the male gendered constructions developed within the liberation armies and the methods used to ensure conformity and compliance. An understanding of these issues may shed light on some of the incidents committed in the camps. Part of the explanation for what occurred in ...
These private psychiatric camps were set up with an agreement between the apartheid Department of Health and Smith Mitchell, which is now known as Lifecare.
MR NTSEBEZA: Now I am made to understand that you are particularly going to be looking at conflicts in the so-called squatter camps in a certain period and I think it is a period with which the Legal Resources Centre was intimately concerned and involved with.
It happened that we tried to accommodate them in Orlando because their areas were fighting, for instance Dlamini and Sinawani and Alexandra. We held camps in Orlando for the sake of accommodating them so that they can have shelter over their heads, trying to find food for them so they don't ...
... human rights. No single individual can genuinely claim any experience of systematic torture, abuse or detention in any of our facilities or ...
According to the Stuart Commission, Andrew Masondo, National Commissar, was aware of the deterioration in the camps, excesses of punishment were known to him and he failed to adopt corrective measures.
MR CISHE: They took me to the camps.
MR RAMDAS: No, nothing, Chairperson. Our second hit was at Jesmondene, which is another ANC stronghold in the Northdale area. The camp, together with the Swapo camp, ANC camp, were actually camps filled with ANC members who fled the Edendale area during and after the seven day war in the 1990s. ...
The evidence is clear that from the fifties, even before the armed struggle, they were infiltrating the ANC and the Congress movement, both as provocateurs and as sources of evidence to try and pin us, in terms of their law, to be guilty of crimes in prosecuting the struggle. And it is now known ...
... The sudden mass movement of people gave rise to new settlements being created in neighbouring farms. Some farmers who had been experiencing financial difficulty as a result of the drought took advantage of these people's desperate plight and rented homes out and sections of their property, ...
... Swaziland. From Swaziland you crossed Nomahashe to Mozambique, Maputo. When I arrived in Maputo I got some other - because I went straight to the camps of Frelimo. What I had in mind is that if I go to Maputo I know I will get - because there is now a Black government, they won't give me any ...
... I would like to ask you to explain because as I was reading this statement, I noticed that the cause was a conflict where you stay on the use of camps where they were keeping ...
CHAIRPERSON: I thought you'd just told me that your intelligence people reported back to you that there had been meetings and that people had been told, meeting in the camps and people had been told.
MR MOKHELE: I went into Angola from Zambia where I was going to spend a couple of months within the camps of, training camps of MK. However in the time that I was in Angola, my health deteriorated badly to the point that I could not go back to Zambia, but I had to be taken to Europe for medical ...
MR MOKHELE: I went into Angola from Zambia where I was going to spend a couple of months within the camps of, training camps of MK. However in the time that I was in Angola, my health deteriorated badly to the point that I could not go back to Zambia, but I had to be taken to Europe for medical ...
MR KRIEL: Yes, Mr Chairperson, he did say to me that we must address the squatter camps. We had a consensus or agreement that people must be killed in the process.
... Dlamini family and in front of the house there was a young boy standing there. When arriving there we suspected that the house might be one of the camps where our attackers had camped therefore we started surrounding the house and we got into the house or family or homestead. We started ...
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