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APLA attacks

Explanation
During the early 1990s, the PAC proclaimed a military strategy of a 'protracted people's war', which involved the infiltration of APLA guerrillas into the country to conduct rural guerrilla warfare. The initial targets of such attacks were members of the security forces and white farmers who were perceived to be the frontline of defence for the former apartheid government. A 'repossession unit' was also set up, in which APLA cells conducted armed robberies on the instructions of the APLA High Command to raise funds andor obtain weapons and vehicles to enable APLA to carry out its military strategy. Civilians were killed or injured in many of these robberies. In 1993, attacks on civilians increased sharply with a series of high-profile attacks by APLA cadres on public places, including restaurants, hotels and bars, in urban areas. These were usually, but not always, places frequented by white civilians. The PAC/APLA claimed that the attacks were not racist in character, but directed against the apartheid government as all whites, according to the PAC, were complicit in the policy of apartheid. The 1993 attack on the St James' Church, Kenilworth, Cape Town, produced the highest number of casualties, with 11 people dead and 58 injured.

... killing of the Pebco Three, Cradock Four and torture of youth activist Siphiwo Mtimkulu. Other segments cover attacks by the PAC's military wing, APLA on the Highgate Hotel and King Williamstown golf club, incidents of torture in the region, and an overview of the structures of the TRC and the ...
... leadership have any objection or did they condone these incidences? // The structure of the Azanian People’s Liberation Army ensured that APLA always remained accountable to the political leadership. We mentioned it in the document that the top structure of the APLA leadership was the ...
APLA attacks during the negotiation period
APLA as a unit, that is APLA head command, is shouldering responsibility of all the activities that took place since its inception in 1961 till the cut-off date that is May 1994 and those activities of course include ambushes on security forces, the police and the soldiers; attacks on police ...
... was nearly plunged into chaos. There were mass killings on trains, buses and taxis, the killings at Boipatong, Phola park, the rightwing threat. APLA, the armed wing of the PAC, was carrying out terror attacks on white civilian soft targets. One such an attack was the Highgate massacre in East ...
63rd edition of the Truth Commission Special Report. On tonight’s programme we look at the brutal racial slays of white people by the PAC’s army APLA during 1993. We talk to victims, survivors, killers and politicians in KwaZulu-Natal and we show you a conversation with the last jail master of ...
... dying on the Free State and Eastern Cape platteland [countryside]. One of those who died was the elderly Mr. JJ Fourie. He was ambushed by four APLA members late one afternoon here at the gate to his farm, ‘Stormberg’ in the Verkeerdevlei ...
But there were also the killers from the other side. APLA soldiers who had attacked soft targets like restaurants, pubs and the St. James Church where 11 churchgoers died. For victims the long wait for the truth often ended in an emotional showdown with those who had pulled the triggers and yield ...
... They fired machine guns and threw hand grenades at the congregation of nearly 1000 people. This was one of a series of similar attacks by APLA in the early nineties. The attack lasted for about 30 seconds and resulted in 11 deaths, and 55 injuries. This week some survivors testified at ...
... we are not going to have difficulties, or personally I am not having difficulties in owning up St. James, King Williamstown Golf Club attack, attacks on farms ...
manifestations. We make no apologies, we have nothing to hide. // But there was a wide expectation that the PAC should explain the brutal attacks by APLA on white civilians. // A new pattern arose in the 1990s where civilians within the white community were attacked. In the nature of guerrilla ...
operations I know that what I was doing at this moment, this time, it is wrong to kill people but the agenda is the reason. Why I took part in these APLA attacks is because of an understanding that the land of the African people was robbed from them, through the barrel of the gun. // Personally ...
Two previous APLA operations, the St James Church and the Heidelberg Tavern attacks, had raised several questions. Those questions came up yet again this week. When exactly did APLA suspend the armed struggle and what role did race play in the attacks?
... People’s Army was much feared by white South Africans because of their often ruthless attacks on civilians. For the first time this week the APLA high command formerly accepted responsibility for these attacks in an interview with the Special ...
... Police, the South African Defence Force, the Azanian People’s Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe. The Azanian People’s Liberation Army or APLA was the armed wing of the Pan Africanist Congress. APLA has been operating for decades, but it really only became well known in 1992 and 1993 ...
senior police and army officers should also be hold accountable for the orders they gave to the men who killed. So certainly it should also apply to APLA. But the Heidelberg amnesty hearing was almost overshadowed on Wednesday and Thursday by another controversy. Shortly after the Helderberg ...
We now know that APLA members were responsible for both attacks. We also now know that the PAC deliberately chose to intensify its armed struggle at a time when political parties were fine tuning arrangements for democratic elections. // ‘All six applicants are serving jail sentences for the ...
But Makwethu was not prepared to discuss the controversial APLA attacks such as those on the St. James Church, the King Williamstown golf club, or the Queenstown Spur.
 
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