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APLA attacks

Explanation
During the early 1990s, the PAC proclaimed a military strategy of a 'protracted people's war', which involved the infiltration of APLA guerrillas into the country to conduct rural guerrilla warfare. The initial targets of such attacks were members of the security forces and white farmers who were perceived to be the frontline of defence for the former apartheid government. A 'repossession unit' was also set up, in which APLA cells conducted armed robberies on the instructions of the APLA High Command to raise funds andor obtain weapons and vehicles to enable APLA to carry out its military strategy. Civilians were killed or injured in many of these robberies. In 1993, attacks on civilians increased sharply with a series of high-profile attacks by APLA cadres on public places, including restaurants, hotels and bars, in urban areas. These were usually, but not always, places frequented by white civilians. The PAC/APLA claimed that the attacks were not racist in character, but directed against the apartheid government as all whites, according to the PAC, were complicit in the policy of apartheid. The 1993 attack on the St James' Church, Kenilworth, Cape Town, produced the highest number of casualties, with 11 people dead and 58 injured.

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... after two days his decapitated body was found. 199 Mr Morgan Nogaga Gxekwa [AM5686/97] applied for amnesty as a founder member of both Poqo and APLA. WHILE THE COMMISSION TAKES NOTE OF THE EXPLANATION TENDERED BY THE PAC THAT ITS ACTIVITIES IN THE EARLY 1960S NEED TO BE UNDERSTOOD IN THE ...
... Hendrik Christoffel Nel in the late 1980s, DCC operative Tony Oosthuizen recruited Chand as a conduit for the infiltration of PAC members and APLA guerrillas into South Africa. Chand acted as a source for the Western Transvaal Security Branch but had been “put on ice” as they felt they ...
... wrote to Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi 151 From 1991 onwards, allegations by the South African government of Transkei aid for first MK and later APLA increased, particularly after APLA stepped up its armed struggle from 1992. South Africa accused Transkei of harbouring guerrillas, arming them, ...
of Nongwe’s assistants, was later convicted of the murder and has applied to the Commission for amnesty, claiming to have been acting on behalf of APLA/PAC. 399 Women and youth were frequently the victims of random attacks which destroyed hundreds of homes and caused many injuries. ...
... None of the four killed was a target in the attacks. 56. Applications were received for the targeting and killing of eighteen individual MK or APLA personnel outside South Africa. Targeted killings were generally conducted at night and, in several instances, resulted in persons other than ...
... 191. Botha told the Committee that the attack was in retaliation for an incident which had taken place earlier in the day, in which PAC and APLA supporters wearing PAC T-shirts had randomly attacked white people on Durban’s beachfront , killing one elderly person and injuring several ...
... that the Peninsula violence was restricted almost exclusively to the African townships, apart from isolated incidents elsewhere, in particular APLA attacks. The rural areas also experienced struggles and conflicts with local authorities and police. There were numerous deaths and injuries in ...
... rulers, for example during coup attempts; l the attacks on security forces and ‘soft targets’ by the Azanian People’s Liberation Army (APLA) in the 1990s. ...
... decided by local commanders … In the militarised environment in our country in the 1990s … internally based operatives often made errors that APLA [the Azanian People’s Liberation Army] had earlier avoided. These are the causes of the departures in the 1990s. 39 Specifically on the ...
... above, this decision was recorded in the September minutes of KIK. Willem Schoon told the Commission that: The fact that MK and eventually APLA members started using neighbouring frontline states as a springboard for launching their armed attacks against the Republic led directly to the ...
... of the then Orange Free State in order to enable them to protect themselves from attacks by members of the Azanian People’s Liberation Army (APLA) who were operating from Lesotho. They testified that this was necessary as the government of the day was unable to maintain law and order in ...
... Report: Regulation of gatherings (Jan 1993) Fourth Interim Report: Taxi violence in Groblersdal and surrounding areas (Feb 1993) Interim Report: APLA (Mar 1993) Final Report: Regulation of gatherings (Apr 1993) Final Report: Train violence (May 1993) Report: Allegations published in the ...
Africa was underlined for the Church of England in South Africa when its Kenilworth congregation was attacked by Azanian People’s Liberation Army (APLA) cadres in July 1993. These cadres later told the Commission’s amnesty committee that they were motivated by the fact that the churches were ...
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