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Bisho massacre

Explanation
On 7 September 1992, the ANC, SACP and COSATU organised a march from King William's Town to the Ciskei capital of Bisho to demand free political activity in the homeland and the removal of then military ruler of the Ciskei, Brigadier Oupa Gqozo. Protesters had been prohibited by court order from entering Bisho. When part of the crowd tried to gain access to Bisho, Ciskei Defence Force (CDF) troops opened fire, killing 30 people, including one member of the CDF. Approximately 200 people were wounded in the shooting. Two members of the former CDF were refused amnesty.

... who gave testimony at the HRV Committee hearings in Newcastle (11 to 12 September). The following segment focuses on the first part of the Bisho massacre special hearings (held in Bisho, 9 to 11 September) where we hear testimonies from Ciskei Defence Force officials responsible for the ...
... were left homeless. It also includes testimonies from members of the SAP and SADF involved in the incident. The following segment covers the second Bisho massacre hearings (Bisho, 18 to 19 November) and includes the testimony and apology from former Ciskei leader, Brigadier Oupa Gqozo. The ...
... happened and we will give you the full drama of the Truth Commission hearings in Pietermaritzburg. There was also drama at the hearings around the Bisho massacre where Oupa Gqozo at last gave evidence and the Truth Commissioners clashed publicly and emotionally with the former Vlakplaas ...
The Bisho massacre, Oupa Gqozo testifies
The Bisho massacre
Who was to blame for the slaughter in Bisho in September 1992? Two months ago the Truth Commission tried to establish this but key witnesses like Ciskei dictator Oupa Gqozo did not testify. The Truth Commission held a new session on Bisho this week to try and get closer to the truth. But the ...
... were digging in their heels. In protest against Ciskei leader, Brigadier Oupa Gqozo’s continued dictatorship, the ANC planned to march on Bisho on the 7th of September. They wanted to occupy Bisho for a day. Gqozo was determined to stop them. Jann Turner tries to separate fact from ...
It began as a peaceful ANC march, a challenge to the Ciskei for its refusal to keep pace with the change that was sweeping the rest of South Africa. The day ended in a bloodbath with all parties pointing fingers and denying responsibility. What exactly happened?
Bisho, September 7 1992. A march of the ANC’s SACP alliance ends in tragedy when Ciskei defence force soldiers open fire on a crowd leaving 29 dead. Four years after the massacre the Truth Commission brings together key role players to explain the terrible event.
... down by Ciskei’s soldiers during one of the last big freedom marches before the election. We’ll focus on the unanswered questions around the Bisho massacre tonight. We’re also taking you into the madness of blind racism, a madness that destroyed the lives of four brothers and their two ...
... unanswered for four years now are why did the different actors act as they did and who is really to blame. Crucial to any understanding of the Bisho massacre is the one man who did not come to the Truth Commission this week, Brigadier Oupa Gqozo. At the time of the Bisho march he had been ...
... restrictions. I heard the noise and chanting of the marchers, subsequently I heard sounds which I initially did not identify as being shooting. The Bisho massacre had occurred. I consequently learned about the shooting incident and that lives had been lost. ...
Event hearings saw testimony from both victims and perpetrators, painting a fuller picture of incidents like the 1986 war in Crossroads, the Bisho massacre and the killings of the Gugulethu Seven.
... that is wrong. From my point of view and for the soldiers of the Ciskei Defence Force I can speak. I say we are sorry. I say the burden of the Bisho massacre will be on our soldiers for the rest of our lives. We cannot wish it away. It happened. But please, I ask specifically the victims, ...
... seven day war in the Natal midlands in 1990 in which some 200 people died. Key figures such as Brigadier Oupa Gqozo will also give evidence on the Bisho massacre. The Special Report will be back next Sunday evening with full reports on these events and other investigations we have been ...
From my point of view and for the soldiers of the Ciskei Defence Force I can speak. I say we are sorry. I say the burden of the Bisho massacre will be on our shoulders for the rest of our lives.
We are sorry. I say the burden of the Bisho massacre will be on our shoulders for the rest of our lives. I request the Commission, I think on behalf of the soldiers of the Ciskei Defence Force, that Brigadier Gqozo stand here and answer for what he has ordered on the 7th of September. // But Gqozo ...
... But first we go to East London. 12 ANC members of Mdantsane this week asked the Truth Commission’s Amnesty Committee to grant them amnesty. The Bisho Supreme Court sent them to jail for burning to death four gang members in ...
... will ask the Amnesty Committee in Potchefstroom to free them from jail. The Human Rights Violations Committee is having a special hearing into the Bisho massacre of September 1992 with some top politicians giving evidence. And in Newcastle more tales of the bitter conflict between the ANC and ...
 
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