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Imbokodo (Mbokodo)

Explanation
an organisation established in 1985 by KwaNdebele's political elite to realise the KwaNdebele government's drive to incorporate the areas of Moutse and Leandra in order to make the homeland a more viable geographic and political entity. Imbokodo members carried out brutal attacks in which hundreds of ordinary residents were assaulted and killed. These attacks radicalised a previously apolitical population. 'Comrades', in turn, ruthlessly and methodically attacked suspected Imbokodo members and their families. Imbokodo members were therefore both perpetrators and victims of the violence that engulfed and nearly destroyed the homeland from mid-1995 to 1988.

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Was shot by Imbokodo vigilantes in July 1986 in Moutse, KwaNdebele, during resistance to incorporation into KwaNdebele.
Was shot dead on 14 May 1986 in KwaNdebele, allegedly by members of the security forces when they attacked a meeting held at a royal kraal to discuss demands by residents to abandon independence and to disband the Imbokodo.
Was abducted and beaten by Imbokodo vigilantes in Moutse, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986. At Siyabuswa community hall Mr Nkadimeng and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and sjambokked and beaten as they fell. Between 200 and 360 individuals ...
Was abducted from his home in Siyabuswa, KwaNdebele, and tortured by Imbokodo vigilantes on 1 January 1986. At Siyabuswa community hall, he and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery. Mr Thage and others were then sjambokked and beaten where they ...
Was abducted and beaten by Imbokodo vigilantes on 1 January 1986 in Moutse, KwaNdebele. At Siyabuswa community hall Mr Radingoane and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and were then sjambokked and beaten where they fell. Between 200 and 360 ...
Was severely beaten by Imbokodo vigilantes on 1 January 1986 in Moutse, KwaNdebele. At Siyabuswa community hall Mr Nkadimeng and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and were then sjambokked and beaten where they fell. Between 200 and 360 ...
Was abducted, beaten and stabbed by Imbokodo vigilantes on 1 January 1986 in Moutse, KwaNdebele. At Siyabuswa community hall Mr Nkadimeng and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and were then sjambokked and beaten where they fell. Between 200 ...
Was severely beaten by Imbokodo vigilantes at Siyabuswa community hall, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986. He and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and were sjambokked and beaten where they fell. Between 200 and 360 individuals were abducted and ...
Was abducted and taken to a camp in Vaalbank, KwaNdebele, where he was severely beaten by Imbokodo vigilantes in May 1986, during considerable community conflict over incorporation into KwaNdebele. He was also arrested in March 1988 and detained for three months in Milnerton, Cape Town.
Was burnt to death by ‘comrades’ on 27 August 1986 in KwaNdebele, during conflict in KwaNdebele over independence. Mr Chili was accused of being an Imbokodo member
Was assaulted by Imbokodo vigilantes at his home in Moutse, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986 during resistance to incorporation into KwaNdebele.
Was abducted from his home and severely assaulted by Imbokodo vigilantes at Siyabuswa community hall on 1 January 1986. She and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and were then sjambokked and beaten where they fell. Between 200 and 360 ...
Was beaten to death by Imbokodo vigilantes in Moutse, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986 following government attempts to force incorporation into KwaNdebele.
Was beaten with sjamboks by Imbokodo vigilantes on 1 January 1986 in Dennilton, KwaNdebele, allegedly because he was Sotho.
Was sjambokked by Imbokodo vigilantes on 23 March 1986 in Dennilton, KwaNdebele, during conflict over incorporation into KwaNdebele.
Was abducted and tortured by Imbokodo vigilantes in Siyabuswa, KwaNdebele, in May 1986. Mr Ramohlale was opposed to the incorporation of Siyabuswa into KwaNdebele.
Was beaten by Imbokodo vigilantes on 1 January 1986 in Moutse, KwaNdebele. At Siyabuswa community hall Mr Rashilo and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and were then sjambokked and beaten where they fell. Between 200 and 360 individuals were ...
Was abducted and tortured by Imbokodo vigilantes in KwaNdebele, in May 1986 following violence over the area’s proposed independence.
An ANC supporter who was abducted and tortured by Imbokodo vigilantes in Moutse, KwaNdebele, in April 1986 during clashes over the independence of KwaNdebele.
Was abducted from his home in Kgobokwane, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986 by Imbokodo vigilantes. At Siyabuswa community hall he and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and were then sjambokked and beaten where they fell. Between 200 and 360 ...
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