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Imbokodo (Mbokodo)

Explanation
an organisation established in 1985 by KwaNdebele's political elite to realise the KwaNdebele government's drive to incorporate the areas of Moutse and Leandra in order to make the homeland a more viable geographic and political entity. Imbokodo members carried out brutal attacks in which hundreds of ordinary residents were assaulted and killed. These attacks radicalised a previously apolitical population. 'Comrades', in turn, ruthlessly and methodically attacked suspected Imbokodo members and their families. Imbokodo members were therefore both perpetrators and victims of the violence that engulfed and nearly destroyed the homeland from mid-1995 to 1988.

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Was severely beaten by members of the Imbokodo vigilante group in Dennilton, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986. Imbokodo vigilantes with state support targeted residents opposed to KwaNdebele independence. See Imbokodo.
Was abducted and tortured by members of the Imbokodo vigilante group in Moutse, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986. The Imbokodo supported state plans for incorporation into KwaNdebele. See Imbokodo.
Was severely beaten by members of the Imbokodo vigilante group in Dennilton, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986. The Imbokodo were used by the state to attack and sow terror in communities opposed to incorporation into KwaNdebele. See Imbokodo.
Was tortured by Imbokodo vigilantes on 18 May 1986 in Siyabuswa, KwaNdebele, for burning the property of Imbokodo members. See Imbokodo.
A UDF supporter who was abducted by Imbokodo members in 1986, and taken to Almansdrift Hall in KwaNdebele where he was beaten with sjamboks , allegedly in an attempt to force him to join Imbokodo. See Imbokodo.
Was shot dead by Imbokodo vigilantes in Tweefontein, KwaNdebele, on 12 June 1986. Imbokodo members attacked Tweefontein in retaliation for an earlier attack on shops owned by Chief Minister Piet Ntuli, killing six youths and wounding many
Was abducted from his home in KwaNdebele by Imbokodo vigilantes on 1 January 1986. At Siyabuswa community hall he and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and were sjambokked and beaten when they fell. Between 200 and 360 individuals were ...
Was severely beaten by Imbokodo members in Moutse, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986 during conflict over incorporation into KwaNdebele. See Imbokodo.
Was severely beaten by Imbokodo members in KwaNdebele in 1986 during conflict over the proposed independence of KwaNdebele. See Imbokodo.
A UDF supporter who had his house in Tweefontein, KwaMhlanga, KwaNdebele, burnt down by Imbokodo vigilantes on 1 September 1986 during conflict over the independence of KwaNdebele. See Imbokodo.
Was severely beaten by Imbokodo members in KwaNdebele, in 1986 during conflict over the proposed independence of KwaNdebele. See Imbokodo.
Was intimidated, kicked and beaten with knobkerries at home in Katsibane, KwaNdebele, in May 1981 by a named member of Imbokodo during conflict over KwaNdebele independence. See Imbokodo.
Was severely beaten by Imbokodo members in Siyabuswa, KwaNdebele, in 1986. The Imbokodo victimised the youth of Vlaklaagte because of their resistance to KwaNdebele`s independence.
A UDF supporter who was shot dead by named members of the Imbokodo in Siyabuswa, KwaNdebele, on 21 May 1986 during conflict over KwaNdebele independence. Mr Mahlangu was accused of instigating arson attacks on the homes of Imbokodo members.
A UDF supporter who was assaulted with fists and pick handles by the KwaNdebele Police and Imbokodo members in Mbokola, Moutse, KwaNdebele, in January 1986. He was accused of assisting political `activists`. See Imbokodo.
Was burnt to death in an arson attack by Imbokodo vigilantes on her house in Siyabuswa, KwaNdebele, on 12 June 1986, during conflict over the proposed independence of KwaNdebele. See Imbokodo.
She lost her house and shop in Wolwekraal, Transvaal, when they were burnt down on 13 May 1986 during conflict over KwaNdebele independence. Ms Mahlangu actively opposed the Imbokodo vigilante group. See Imbokodo.
Was severely beaten by Imbokodo vigilantes at Siyabuswa community hall, KwaNdebele, on 1 January 1986. He and others were put in a room where the floor had been deliberately soaped to make it slippery and were then sjambokked and beaten where they fell. Between 200 and 360 individuals were abducted ...
He had his house and shop burnt down in Kwaggafontein, KwaNdebele, on 1 June 1986 by Imbokodo vigilantes during conflict over the proposed independence of KwaNdebele. See Imbokodo.
Was arrested by members of the SAP at Siyabuswa, KwaNdebele, in 1987 and kept in solitary confinement at Middelburg, Transvaal, because he refused to join the pro-independence Imbokodo vigilante group. See Imbokodo.
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