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Mdantsane bus boycott

Explanation
On 18 July 1983, a boycott of the partly government-owned Ciskei Transport Corporation (CTC) buses started in Mdantsane, Ciskei, in protest at an 11 per cent fare increase. The boycott lasted until 15 March 1985, when it was called off at a mass meeting held by the Committee of Ten. During the boycott, members of the Ciskei security forces, backed up by vigilantes, carried out assaults and attacks on commuters to force them to use the buses. On 22 July 1983, five people were shot and wounded by Ciskei security forces at the Fort Jackson railway station. On 3 August, a state of emergency was declared in Mdantsane and a night curfew imposed. Meetings of more than four people were banned and people were prohibited from walking in groups larger than four. The following day Ciskei forces, with orders to stop commuters boarding the trains at all costs, opened fire on commuters at three Mdantsane railway stations. At least six commuters died and many were injured. Two more people were shot dead by Ciskei police within days of the railway station shootings.

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Was shot dead by members of the CDF near Egerton railway station, Mdantsane, Ciskei, on 4 August 1983, during the Mdantsane bus boycott.
Was severely beaten by members of the Ciskei Police near Egerton railway station, Mdantsane, Ciskei, in August 1983, during the Mdantsane bus boycott.
Was injured in a shooting by members of the Ciskei Police in August 1983 in Mdantsane, Ciskei, while on his way to catch a train during the Mdantsane bus boycott.
An ANC supporter who was shot by members of the Ciskei Police near Egerton railway station, Mdantsane, Ciskei, on 4 August 1983 while trying to board a train during the Mdantsane bus boycott.
Was shot and injured by a named perpetrator while he was singing freedom songs in Mdantsane, Ciskei, on 10 September 1983 during the Mdantsane bus boycott.
Was shot dead by members of the Ciskei Defence Force (CDF) near Egerton railway station, Mdantsane, Ciskei, on 4 August 1983 during the Mdantsane bus boycott.
An ANC supporter who was severely beaten by members of the CDF during a bus boycott in Mdantsane, Ciskei, on August 1990.
An ANC supporter who was assaulted and shot at by members of the CDF at East London, on 1 August 1992, while he was returning from a commemoration for the victims of the Mdantsane bus boycott.
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