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right-wing attacks

Explanation
Prior to February 1990, violations committed by members of right-wing organisations took the form of isolated attacks with a strong racist character. During the early 1990s, members of right-wing organisations, perceiving themselves to be placed under siege by the process of constitutional negotiations for a democratic dispensation, carried out a large number of attacks aimed at securing the political interests of conservative Afrikaners. Isolated racist attacks on individuals were replaced by mass demonstrations and orchestrated bombing and sabotage campaigns. Between April 1993 and May 1994, right-wing groups engaged in a range of activities to disrupt the negotiations process then underway, and later to destabilise the electoral process. Many of these acts were directed against persons perceived to be supporters and leaders of the ANC, the SACP, the UDF, the PAC and the National Party, and resulted in gross violations of human rights. Violations of a purely racial character were also carried out against black people. During the pre-election period, the AWB and other right-wing organisations engaged in a bombing campaign with the aim of derailing the electoral process. The objective of these activities was to move towards 'overthrowing' the National Party government and to establish a Boererepubliek (Boer republic) and volkstaat. Public areas such as taxi ranks, bus stops and railway stations were targeted, as were private residential and business premises of those associated with the ANC or the unfolding democratic order. State property was also targeted, especially following the announcement that the Group Areas Act was to be repealed and schools opened to all. A number of formerly 'white' schools were bombed. The campaign involved many acts of sabotage, some of which led to the loss of life.

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... was the Chairman of this Commission, sitting next to him Wynand Malan, Alex Boraine. We did battle on many occasions in Parliament, in the face of attacks by Helen Suzman, Boraine and others simply saying the security forces were a law onto themselves. And we argued vehemently, opposed that and ...
One wonders why all the men who were named as the officers who planned and ordered these racial attacks on civilian targets were not criminally charged. It seems they did not apply for amnesty. Perhaps the Truth Commission should consider a special hearing on this, because these men are morally as ...
... Ferdi Barnard would just not shut up about his CCB glory days and late last year he became the first CCB operative to be charged for the Bureau’s attacks and the murder of David Webster largely implicated by his own boasts to wives, girlfriends and crime buddies. But the names of the first team ...
... couple on a farm outside Kroonstad. The policeman asked for amnesty in Bloemfontein this week because he says he killed in retaliation for the farm attacks. A word of warning, some of the police photographs might offend sensitive viewers. ...
many people who feel that it is useless and futile for us to continue talking peace and non-violence against a government whose reply is only savage attacks on an unarmed and defenceless people’ // The PAC formed Poqo and the ANC created Umkhonto we Sizwe, the Spear of the Nation. Leadership ...
... then ordered that all my baggage, personal effects be removed by the FBI and then I had to get new clothes. And that was the only way in which the attacks stopped. ...
... why they sent in … to say ‘we’ve got nothing to do with this.’ But using their forces and the covert operation not from RSA soil to launch attacks against that that they deemed to be a big problem at the time. And then how do you counter a mass movement? A mass movement that just started ...
Church in Kenilworth. They fired machine guns and threw hand grenades at the congregation of nearly 1000 people. This was one of a series of similar attacks by APLA in the early nineties. The attack lasted for about 30 seconds and resulted in 11 deaths, and 55 injuries. This week some survivors ...
Both men seemed eager to help each other with what they wanted. They were planning to attend a service in St James Church together and to visit Khaya Makoma in prison. Charl van Wyk also pledged to help the PAC commander in his crusade to meet with other survivors of PAC attacks.
The Truth Commission has heard evidence before of attacks on exile South Africans in neighbouring states. The attack on Father Michael Lapsley in Zimbabwe, the murder of Jackie Quinn, and others in Lesotho in 1987. On Tuesday a remarkable survivor told of the bloody South African raid on Maseru in ...
... very little doubt, just on the sheer weight of information available, that there was extensive involvement particularly of criminal youth gangs in attacks on politically targeted individuals and ...
We now know that APLA members were responsible for both attacks. We also now know that the PAC deliberately chose to intensify its armed struggle at a time when political parties were fine tuning arrangements for democratic elections. // ‘All six applicants are serving jail sentences for the ...
Today, 11 years later, the families of the victims and the survivors of both of these attacks still live in the dark. They don’t know who was responsible, who killed their loved ones. No one has ever been brought to book. // Because there was a state of emergency at the time we couldn’t ...
But Makwethu was not prepared to discuss the controversial APLA attacks such as those on the St. James Church, the King Williamstown golf club, or the Queenstown Spur.
... of the Sasol oil refinery in the 1980s was one of MK’s success stories. The unit that carried out this attack was also responsible for the attacks on Voortrekkerhoogte Air Force base in Pretoria and the Koeberg nuclear plant near Cape Town. A commander in this crack sabotage unit was ...
... erupted into full-scale violence. A march by Ama-Afrika, widely perceived as a vigilante group, led to at least four deaths, numerous assaults, and attacks on the homes of UDF members. Mandla Konkie and Mncedisi Sitoto were both there, but on opposite ...
president PW Botha informed him that he was dishonourably discharged from the South African Defence Force. Lubowski became the target of harassment, attacks, and detention without ...
Our purpose was also to show to the PAC and its communist allies that attacks of this kind would not be tolerated.
in any way assisted the move to democracy in South Africa? // I don’t understand how your question fit into all this. However the aim of all these attacks was to fight to get back our land. Therefore, as I’m saying, there’s nothing racial, it was just an order that I had to carry ...
During his time at Valkplaas Mentz began suffering from severe panic attacks. Since 1984 he has become too scared to sleep as he constantly relives violent episodes in his dreams. He started drinking heavily to cope with trauma and today his psychiatrist classifies him as fully dysfunctional. ...
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