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right-wing attacks

Explanation
Prior to February 1990, violations committed by members of right-wing organisations took the form of isolated attacks with a strong racist character. During the early 1990s, members of right-wing organisations, perceiving themselves to be placed under siege by the process of constitutional negotiations for a democratic dispensation, carried out a large number of attacks aimed at securing the political interests of conservative Afrikaners. Isolated racist attacks on individuals were replaced by mass demonstrations and orchestrated bombing and sabotage campaigns. Between April 1993 and May 1994, right-wing groups engaged in a range of activities to disrupt the negotiations process then underway, and later to destabilise the electoral process. Many of these acts were directed against persons perceived to be supporters and leaders of the ANC, the SACP, the UDF, the PAC and the National Party, and resulted in gross violations of human rights. Violations of a purely racial character were also carried out against black people. During the pre-election period, the AWB and other right-wing organisations engaged in a bombing campaign with the aim of derailing the electoral process. The objective of these activities was to move towards 'overthrowing' the National Party government and to establish a Boererepubliek (Boer republic) and volkstaat. Public areas such as taxi ranks, bus stops and railway stations were targeted, as were private residential and business premises of those associated with the ANC or the unfolding democratic order. State property was also targeted, especially following the announcement that the Group Areas Act was to be repealed and schools opened to all. A number of formerly 'white' schools were bombed. The campaign involved many acts of sabotage, some of which led to the loss of life.

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... on him to gain information. He was a great ANC activist. He had thrown several petrol bombs in Mamelodi and he was involved in arson and petrol attacks on policemen’s houses. Electrical shocks were also executed on him and it was necessary to gain information from him about his activities ...
... Ferdi Barnard would just not shut up about his CCB glory days and late last year he became the first CCB operative to be charged for the Bureau’s attacks and the murder of David Webster largely implicated by his own boasts to wives, girlfriends and crime buddies. But the names of the first team ...
... South Africa’s prisons. We have heard the perpetrators of torture describe their methods: the wet bag, the helicopter, electric shocks. Sadistic attacks against the body. Yet the one form of torture described as the worst the world over is that of solitary confinement, where a prisoner is ...
many people who feel that it is useless and futile for us to continue talking peace and non-violence against a government whose reply is only savage attacks on an unarmed and defenceless people’ // The PAC formed Poqo and the ANC created Umkhonto we Sizwe, the Spear of the Nation. Leadership ...
The townships plagued by violence since Saturday were again the scene of burning barricades, shootouts, petrol bomb attacks and stone throwing incidents today. Nine bodies with bullet wounds were found in the Twala section of Kathlehong. Residents say they were shot by unidentified men about six ...
During his time at Valkplaas Mentz began suffering from severe panic attacks. Since 1984 he has become too scared to sleep as he constantly relives violent episodes in his dreams. He started drinking heavily to cope with trauma and today his psychiatrist classifies him as fully dysfunctional. ...
... then ordered that all my baggage, personal effects be removed by the FBI and then I had to get new clothes. And that was the only way in which the attacks stopped. ...
Victims of police attacks did not always have famous names. Richard Carolissen and his brother ran into a block of flats to escape a police shooting in a Stellenbosch township in 1976. That’s where Ronald Carolissen was shot dead in cold blood.
Many of the attacks launched beyond our borders targeted individuals and apartheid’s assassins even travelled as far as Europe to take out opponents. The April 1980 attempt on the life of Michael Lapsley was the last time the embattled nationalist government used the strategy of cross-border ...
... full of danger and that incidents of this kind would increase in frequency. Our purpose was also to show to the PAC and its communist allies that attacks of this kind would not be tolerated. When I heard of the attack I immediately contacted Adriaan Smuts and Mr. Eugene Marais and asked them ...
... we are not going to have difficulties, or personally I am not having difficulties in owning up St. James, King Williamstown Golf Club attack, attacks on farms ...
It was not our purpose to kill as many people as possible. Our purpose was to prove that if these attacks were launched against the Boer people that we would retaliate, that we would hit back. There’s no point in just shooting people at random, then we could have done that in Richards Bay for ...
... in 1980. These two men spearheaded the total counterrevolutionary strategy that dominated South Africa in the 1980s. It was a brutal strategy of attacks across our country’s borders, clandestine operations, dirty tricks, death squads and the sinister third force. It was therefore with ...
house was under attack on a number of occasions. The last time it was burned to ashes, it was on the 26th of November, but it went all through those attacks of petrol bombs at different dates. // But it wasn’t burnt on the 12th of July? // No, it was finally burnt to ashes on the 26th of ...
Church in Kenilworth. They fired machine guns and threw hand grenades at the congregation of nearly 1000 people. This was one of a series of similar attacks by APLA in the early nineties. The attack lasted for about 30 seconds and resulted in 11 deaths, and 55 injuries. This week some survivors ...
... of the Sasol oil refinery in the 1980s was one of MK’s success stories. The unit that carried out this attack was also responsible for the attacks on Voortrekkerhoogte Air Force base in Pretoria and the Koeberg nuclear plant near Cape Town. A commander in this crack sabotage unit was ...
... why they sent in … to say ‘we’ve got nothing to do with this.’ But using their forces and the covert operation not from RSA soil to launch attacks against that that they deemed to be a big problem at the time. And then how do you counter a mass movement? A mass movement that just started ...
... erupted into full-scale violence. A march by Ama-Afrika, widely perceived as a vigilante group, led to at least four deaths, numerous assaults, and attacks on the homes of UDF members. Mandla Konkie and Mncedisi Sitoto were both there, but on opposite ...
... murder, in some cases murder, in some cases arson where houses of people were set alight … victims, and mainly robbery which arose out of attacks on shop owners, just walking into shop taking whatever you want to take because you want to eat it and just moving out, and also mainly the ...
Today, 11 years later, the families of the victims and the survivors of both of these attacks still live in the dark. They don’t know who was responsible, who killed their loved ones. No one has ever been brought to book. // Because there was a state of emergency at the time we couldn’t ...
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