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APLA attacks

Explanation
During the early 1990s, the PAC proclaimed a military strategy of a 'protracted people's war', which involved the infiltration of APLA guerrillas into the country to conduct rural guerrilla warfare. The initial targets of such attacks were members of the security forces and white farmers who were perceived to be the frontline of defence for the former apartheid government. A 'repossession unit' was also set up, in which APLA cells conducted armed robberies on the instructions of the APLA High Command to raise funds andor obtain weapons and vehicles to enable APLA to carry out its military strategy. Civilians were killed or injured in many of these robberies. In 1993, attacks on civilians increased sharply with a series of high-profile attacks by APLA cadres on public places, including restaurants, hotels and bars, in urban areas. These were usually, but not always, places frequented by white civilians. The PAC/APLA claimed that the attacks were not racist in character, but directed against the apartheid government as all whites, according to the PAC, were complicit in the policy of apartheid. The 1993 attack on the St James' Church, Kenilworth, Cape Town, produced the highest number of casualties, with 11 people dead and 58 injured.

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ADV MPSHE: Will you further agree with me then that it is APLA, that is recognised by PAC to carry out operations like planting of limpet mines, attacks and the rest, that is within their powers, is that correct?
ADV MPSHE: Will you further agree with me then that it is APLA, that is recognised by PAC to carry out operations like planting of limpet mines, attacks and the rest, that is within their powers, is that correct?
Now this is confirmed by the evidence of the witness Van der Graaff, who testified this morning, that there were these attacks launched by Apla and they financed their activities by means of the funds so obtained.
The fact that both MK and eventually the Azanian People's LiberationArmy, APLA, members started using neighbouring frontline statesas a springboard for launching their armed attacks against theRepublic led directly to the 3A establishment/...
MR HATTINGH: Was this in order to combat these attacks in which APLA had been involved according to your information, that you among others obtained the minibus from Mr Raju in order to use this in the cessation of these attacks?
Lester, the Deputy Director of Operations of APLA gave commands as to the general policy of the activities related to APLA units.† The general policy was to drive white people from land because it did not belong to them.† The occupants of land were legitimate targets.† These attacks would ...
It is clear that the applicant was a member of the PAC and APLA and that he acted in terms of these organisationsí policies and objectives. At the relevant time APLA was still engaged in the armed struggle and regarded all whites as supporters of the Apartheid Government. Attacks of this nature ...
evidence about such attacks. They said that these attacks were not motivated by malice or hatred of white persons, but whites were targeted because APLA regarded all white persons to be political oppressors of the African masses. The purpose of the attack on white civilians was to exert pressure ...
It is clear that the Applicants were members of the PAC and/or APLA and that they acted in terms of these organisations' policies and objectives.† A the relevant time APLA was still engaged in the armed struggle and regarded all whites as supporters of the Apartheid Government.† Attacks of ...
20 of the Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act,No. 34 of 1995. The Committee is satisfied that the Applicants had acted on behalf of Apla and within the then policy of the PAC, which organisation was involved in the political struggle at the time. The Committee is further ...
... Phila Martin Dolo ("Dolo"), testified before the Committee that he was the Regional Commander of the Azanian People's Liberation Army ("APLA") and that he was deployed as commander in the Sterkspruit - Zastron - Lady Grey area by the Director of Military Operations, Mr Letlapa ...
... Sterkspruit and for example Dordrecht and vehicles which were driven by whites were regularly attacked by means of AK47's and persons with R5's and APLA was involved with these attacks. At some stage we prepared during December 1991, to attack those facilities at Sterkspruit and to destroy them ...
In our view, it was of cardinal importance in the fact that both the PAC and APLA have acknowledged in their submissions to the TRC in 1996 and 1997 respectively, that the St James attacks was one of the authorised operations carried out by APLA.
... people were killed, homes burnt and people forced to leave the township. He says he took steps to report the problems caused by this conflict to APLA's director of operations, but was unable to contact him. He then managed to speak to one Mandla who he says was APLA's regional commander for ...
The Applicants called Mr Abel Kotle, the regional commander of APLA in Bloemfontein to give evidence particularly with regard to Operation Great Storm. Mr Kotle explained that Operation Great Storm was intended to intensify the armed struggle and was declared at a time when APLA was changing its ...
He says he took steps to report the problems caused by this conflict to APLA's director of operations but was unable to contact him. He then managed to speak to one Mandla who he says was APLA's regional commander for the Highveld area. He met with Mandla at Embalenhle and after explaining the ...
The second applicant, Mandla Michael Yende testified that he joined the PAC in 1986 through AZANYU and in the same year was recruited by the first applicant, who trained him, to APLA. He confirmed the First applicant's testimony of how the attacks were executed.
... me from further attack. I immediately had to go back to Johannesburg for an emergency operation. My sources later told me that men from PAC and APLA living in Pretoria had received instructions to tail me and to kill me by setting my car on fire. At this stage I realised that the attack was ...
... Police Intelligence agent in the media. Now, is thus the time to challenge all other individuals and organisations such as the ANC, MK, PAC, APLA, etc, to do the same and to come clean on their agents in the media, both past and present. Just as it evokes suspicion that after resigning as ...
"The fact that both MK and eventually the Azanian People's Liberation Army, APLA, members started using neighbouring frontline states as a springboard for launching their armed attacks against the Republic led directly to the establishment of a cross-border capability aimed at eliminating or ...
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