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Mpumalanga attacks

Explanation
The Mpumalanga area, near Hammarsdale, Natal, was torn by violent political conflict between UDF and Inkatha supporters from 1986 onwards, after approximately 15 to 20 Caprivi trainees were installed as members of the KwaZulu Police in the area. The trainees never underwent any KZP training or followed proper admissions procedures, not even filling in KZP application forms. They were issued with KZP appointment certificates and with official police firearms. Under the guise of being official law enforcement agents, they engaged in large-scale hit squad activity in the area for the next two years, directing their attacks against those perceived to support the UDF and ANC. During 1989 about 1000 homes were badly damaged or destroyed in the violence that devastated Mpumalanga, leaving many dead and thousands homeless. Approximately 54 people died in political conflict between 1 November and 10 December 1989. Violence erupted again in the area in February 1990 following the unbanning of political organisations and the release of Nelson Mandela, resulting in the deaths of ten people in seven days, including a member of the SAP.

(Inaudible) ... that many people were killed, houses were burnt down, and that there were attacks by armed men from a neighbouring rural area outside Mpumalanga, is that right? --- That is correct.
... activists and UDF-aligned organisations from communities. As such then I became involved in some of the earliest acts of violence in Ambonathi, Mpumalanga and Imbali, and increasingly became involved in monitoring the violence, and also in mediation efforts at local level. By the mid-80s I ...
MR STUART: Were you, yourself, involved in other attacks in Mpumalanga at that period?
all these people around KwaZulu Natal, and telling them what to do, not long after he returned from Caprivi he was sent by NZ Khumalo to Hammarsdale Mpumalanga specifically to take care of problems there himself, and he resided there, and he was involved in attacks on people’s houses and so on, as ...
MR DLAMINI: I would like to explain, there was a group of Telewenies in Mpumalanga. I have never operated with these people. This car was normally driven by a person called Mpashaza. I know this person, but I have never worked with him, but I knew him to be Mr Sipho Mlaba’s driver. I have not ...
1.16 The murder and attempted murder of an unknown number of people and the destruction of an unknown number of houses at Mpumalanga during 1988 in attacks which were carried out in retaliation to the killing of Mr Nqubo and four other persons;
Just to clarify, what I want to hear from you at this stage is only an indication of over what period the attacks in the Mpumalanga area of Hammarsdale occurred. --- It took a very long time. I don't remember as to when it was agreed that they actually lay down arms. I don't remember the ...
with Renamo. He was linked to violence in a number of areas - Umlazi, what is now Gauteng, what is now Mpumalanga and also up the North Coast. Whilst in Mandini he was working together with the KwaZulu Police and a local chief who is allegedly deeply implicated in the violence. Mdanda was linked ...
asking that question is because we have heard evidence in other areas that before an attack has taken place frequently, particularly in an area like Mpumalanga township, what one has seen is that the police or the army have come to that township, to that area, or to a particular section of a ...
 
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