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ANC camps

Explanation
The ANC established bases in several African countries. The Department of Intelligence and Security (DIS), together with the military headquarters of MK, had control over residential centres and the Angolan camps, including 'Camp 32' or the Morris Seabelo Rehabilitation Centre (popularly known as 'Quatro'), Panga, Viana and the Nova Catengue camp. Following the SADF bombing of Nova Catengue camp in 1979, there was an atmosphere of paranoia about infiltration by South African agents. A number of ANC members were detained and tortured; some died as a result of assaults and some were executed. Dissatisfaction in MK training camps in Angola led to mutinies at the Viana and Pango camps during 1984. Both mutinies were put down with loss of lives on both sides. Many MK members were detained in connection with the uprisings, and some were tortured. Two groups of mutineers were tried by military tribunals and seven were executed.

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... and applying extraordinary measures, yes going underground, yes spying, yes having covert actions, having a state of emergency, putting people in camps without trial, all that yes. But not murdering people, not assassination; it was never part of the policy. // How would a reasonable person ...
... saw us divided. That’s when it got into the gap, whichever way they got into, whether they used who and who, but the gap was created by us: both ...
... could affect the Truth Commission process. But De Kock is not the only evil in tonight’s programme; we’re taking you to Joseph Stalin’s death camps in the former Soviet Union with the story of South Africans who died there; we probe the concepts of vigilantism and the third force and we ...
Tutu and Doctor Alex Boraine?s visit to the Women?s Monument in Bloemfontein, commemorating the women and children who died in British concentration camps. ...
... shattered by the paranoia of the new Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin. Millions of people were labelled enemies of the revolution and sent to labour camps or gulags. Many millions died or were executed. Among those were three South Africans who were in Moscow at the time. This is the sad story of ...
... constantly tried to remove squatters and they as steadily resisted the pass laws and eviction attempts. And yet, it continued to grow, informal camps springing up on every available piece of open stand. By the mid eighties satellite camps had developed around the core of the old Crossroads; ...
in trains and taxis, internally based operatives often made errors that APLA had earlier avoided. There was little political work done unlike in the camps abroad. These are the causes of the departures in the 1990s which we as political leaders who declared war must and do take responsibility for. ...
After presentation by Matthews Phosa, now premier of Mpumalanga, and a protracted hunger strike charges against Hlongwane were withdrawn and he returned to South Africa in August 1991. On his return he found that his mother had been necklaced as a result of his activities. // The issue of my ...
Commission is issuing subpoenas this week for a special hearing on the topic after new information has come to light. Next week we take you into the ANC’s camps in neighbouring states with tales of torture and we introduce you to a man who has the inside story of much of the violence in ...
... now working against his former Comrades. Their conflict came to a head when the state decided to upgrade Crossroads. This meant that the squatter camps had to be cleared and their people moved to Khayelitsha. But the people would not be moved. Does this explain the sudden and systematic attack ...
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