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East Rand violence

Explanation
From mid-1985 until the early 1990s, East Rand townships experienced some of the most violent conflict ever experienced in the PWV area. Train violence, taxi violence, conflict between township residents and hostels, between ANC self-defence units (SDUs) and IFP self-protection units (SPUs) and the activities of the Khumalo gang resulted in an unprecedented number of deaths and injuries. Covert operations by security force members also contributed to a general escalation of violence in the region. The security forces repeatedly ignored warnings of impending attacks and frequently refused to become involved in what it termed the 'black-on-black' conflict. They were accused by many of orchestrating and fanning conflict in order to undermine and weaken the recently unbanned ANC.

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"The Independent Board of Inquiry was an organisation that was set up to basically investigate - with the advent of the violence in 1990 in the East Rand and other Reef townships, the Independent Board of Inquiry was called in to take statements from various victims of the violence and to try and ...
MR NKALA: Very well. There were problems that I discovered or I learnt about when I got to the East Rand related to the violence that was rife at the time, even the policemen themselves were no longer safe to get into the location or into the black residential areas to investigate criminal ...
MR MAKANJEE: I see. Mr Kasrils, briefly describe the violence in the East Rand area?
MR VISSER: You have listened to the evidence given by Gen van der Merwe as well as Brig Delport, regarding the general background of the political violence in the country at that stage and more specifically in the East Rand, is that correct?
k. Patrol flights along railway lines during peak periods after violence and shooting increased on trains in the East and West Rand.
It is also clear that at the time in question political violence in the East Rand townships was rife and that the presence of policemen in the townships was not only not welcomed but was also not tolerated. They, their houses and their families were subject to attacks which resulted in many of ...
... my experience in work in violence in industrial conflict but particularly in relation to the political conflict as it was playing itself out on the East Rand during that ...
... in the country was very unstable and unsettling. The violence between members of the ANC and the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), particularly in the East Rand where he came from, was a focal issue. He was drawn into this conflict as a member of the Vosloorus community. He and some of his local ...
MR VISSER: Do you also particularly concur with the background of unrest and violence which reigned in the East Rand in 1985?
... also played an active role in our different communities. For myself, the memory of the violence and the pain in the different communities on the East Rand will always remain with me. I think of the people of Polla Park, who had to flee their homes on more than one occasion and the people of ...
... to the community. I reasoned as I still do today, that merely recording the newsworthy amongst these, in a factual and objective manner, would at least balance the books for the public. Inevitably certain questions will arise about my role as a Security Police Intelligence Agent and the fact ...
MR KALI: I was born on the East-Rand in Katlehong. That is where I grew up and that is where I was attending school. In the early 1980's, I was still in Katlehong and that is when I started becoming active politically. I joined the Youth and also COSAS. At the time in the East-Rand, there was ...
ADV STEENKAMP: Another finding of the Commission was specifically referring to the East Rand SDU's was that the ANC was responsible, specifically for the time period 1990 to 1994, of contributing to the spiral of violence in the country throughout and specifically the East Rand by the creation and ...
The regions affected by train violence were particularly the East Rand, Soweto, and the Johannesburg area. Originally, attacks were primarily confined to trains travelling between Johannesburg and Soweto, between Germiston and Katlehong, and between Germiston and Johannesburg, but later they ...
... or survivors within the train violence. Therefore we saw that it was important that we should call a mass meeting. We would invite people from East Rand, West Rand and Pretoria train sector. We met in Germiston where we took a decision that ...
... or survivors within the train violence. Therefore we saw that it was important that we should call a mass meeting. We would invite people from East Rand, West Rand and Pretoria train sector. We met in Germiston where we took a decision that ...
... of what happened to you. It's a very tragic account. This week has been a very hard week for the Truth Commission and for all the people in the East Rand. Countless accounts of people being killed, entire families being wiped out, properties being destroyed. Particularly the 1980's and ...
and I grew up in an area such as Springs for example, after that I stayed in Boksburg. The Vlakplaas unit, C1, operation on a national basis or at least all the reports which were sent through on a national level every day were also channelled through C1. And before this operation the East Rand ...
MS VAN DER WESTHUIZEN: Are you saying that - you say there was no violence at that stage? Are you referring to the whole of the East Rand? To which area are you referring, if you say there was no violence?
... of violence has been responsible for the death of thousands of people in this country. Whether it is train violence in the Johannesburg and the East Rand, where people were thrown of trains; whether it was a massacre in a shebeen, such as happened up in Donnybrook; whether it was an attack ...
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