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right-wing attacks

Explanation
Prior to February 1990, violations committed by members of right-wing organisations took the form of isolated attacks with a strong racist character. During the early 1990s, members of right-wing organisations, perceiving themselves to be placed under siege by the process of constitutional negotiations for a democratic dispensation, carried out a large number of attacks aimed at securing the political interests of conservative Afrikaners. Isolated racist attacks on individuals were replaced by mass demonstrations and orchestrated bombing and sabotage campaigns. Between April 1993 and May 1994, right-wing groups engaged in a range of activities to disrupt the negotiations process then underway, and later to destabilise the electoral process. Many of these acts were directed against persons perceived to be supporters and leaders of the ANC, the SACP, the UDF, the PAC and the National Party, and resulted in gross violations of human rights. Violations of a purely racial character were also carried out against black people. During the pre-election period, the AWB and other right-wing organisations engaged in a bombing campaign with the aim of derailing the electoral process. The objective of these activities was to move towards 'overthrowing' the National Party government and to establish a Boererepubliek (Boer republic) and volkstaat. Public areas such as taxi ranks, bus stops and railway stations were targeted, as were private residential and business premises of those associated with the ANC or the unfolding democratic order. State property was also targeted, especially following the announcement that the Group Areas Act was to be repealed and schools opened to all. A number of formerly 'white' schools were bombed. The campaign involved many acts of sabotage, some of which led to the loss of life.

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We have as a record, handed in, but also in our submission at the TRC hearing on the role of business, documented close to 50 attacks on Cosatu and its affiliates in that period leading up to that hearing. It is quite clear that the State and its unofficial organs saw us as a very significant ...
... to be legitimate targets in terms of ANC policy. Mr Chairman on page 3, paragraph 2.8, at the bottom of the page, we make the point that the attacks in the White areas were not to be random and indiscriminate. The policy was clear that the targets were the racist army, police, death ...
... evidence that Kathi Township was an ANC stronghold in which event there would have been some understandable basis for indiscriminate and random attacks on residents, and in particular, the youth of the ...
MR NTULI: Yes, I do confirm that. It was not only confined to Numsa members, these attacks that is, people such Taliwe who was a shop steward of Pow(?) at the time, people who were activists within the ANC, people such as Naftel Nmani, they were being killed left right and centre.
ADV SANDI: Sorry, Mr Kincaid, perhaps before he tells us about his role, what role he played in each particular attack, he can just point out which attacks he was involved in. He has pointed out that he was involved in the Cobus attack.
... of B Section as it's physical location lay vulnerable adjacent to the hostel. The IFP hostel dwellers would intermittently shout out threats of attacks. As a result of the aforegoing, we as members of the ANC Youth League in the B Section took a decision to strategise a mechanism of ...
The first witness to testify was Machiel Andries Pretorius who testified that the attacks on the house of Leonard Brown and of Sello Ramakobye were carried out in the same evening, viz round about May 1986.† He states that the attack on the house of David Modimeng occurred a few days later, ...
... give as much help as we can to your sone, can you just give us a more detailed information about his condition. I will ask the question. How many attacks does he have per week. Say, per week, are the daily, are they weekly, are they monthly? --- I think he is attacked three times per month ...
The applicant became part of the SDU structures in Thokoza during September 1990. He was encouraged to do so by the frequency of violent attacks on members of the ANC by, who he says, were IFP structures. He was appointed organiser of the SDU in the area. He was handed an AK47 firearm and ...
MR G VISSER: That is correct, we interrogated about that at length and also specifically regarding information pertaining to bomb incidents and terrorist attacks in the Transvaal region.
... The reason we chose these two people were that Stiff Namane was a councillor, an apartheid councillor. David was implicated in these hit squad attacks and his brother too. So, basically, at the time the community saw them as people or as obstacles towards our achievement of our goal. ...
MR HATTINGH: Attacks on targets like buildings or vehicles, attacks which were not directed at people, were you involved in those?
"The 21 explosions which was part of the campaign can be divided into two categories, 14 attacks on power and railway installations which was property of the government, 7 actions in residential areas of ANC supporters and offices and facilities that were used by the ANC or their supporters.
ADV SANDI: Sorry, Mr Mohlaba, just whilst you're dealing with the list of offences in respect of which the applicant is applying, was he not in possession of certain weapons whilst involved in these attacks?
... 15.6.1993 at about 4.45 pm gunmen attacked a home at Oribi, Paddock, killing six people. On the 20.6.1993 13 people were killed in three separate attacks on homes. It appears the attackers moved from home to home. The attackers were wearing balaclavas. ...
to the evidence there was no intention to injure people. The buildings were attacked with explosives to intimidate the liberation movements and the attacks were associated with the political objectives more full referred to in the abovementioned application no. AM2773/96 of ...
After a while the Chairperson called a meeting of the youth and it was attended by boys only. He asked us if we are aware of the attacks that are being launched by the IFP, in collusion with the police because the IFP were never arrested and their cases were never followed up. The Chairperson ...
Four of the occupants of the taxi, including the driver, were killed and a number of them were injured. Subsequent to the incident, the attacks on people at the water tap stopped.
MR ROSSOUW: How did you go about executing these attacks, what was the modus operandi?
... combatants, paragraph 59, the establishment and operation of safe houses and D.L.B.ís, arms smuggling, mobilisation of the masses, armed action and attacks, all formed part of the armed struggle of the ANC Alliance as expressed in the four pillars strategy. ...
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