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right-wing attacks

Explanation
Prior to February 1990, violations committed by members of right-wing organisations took the form of isolated attacks with a strong racist character. During the early 1990s, members of right-wing organisations, perceiving themselves to be placed under siege by the process of constitutional negotiations for a democratic dispensation, carried out a large number of attacks aimed at securing the political interests of conservative Afrikaners. Isolated racist attacks on individuals were replaced by mass demonstrations and orchestrated bombing and sabotage campaigns. Between April 1993 and May 1994, right-wing groups engaged in a range of activities to disrupt the negotiations process then underway, and later to destabilise the electoral process. Many of these acts were directed against persons perceived to be supporters and leaders of the ANC, the SACP, the UDF, the PAC and the National Party, and resulted in gross violations of human rights. Violations of a purely racial character were also carried out against black people. During the pre-election period, the AWB and other right-wing organisations engaged in a bombing campaign with the aim of derailing the electoral process. The objective of these activities was to move towards 'overthrowing' the National Party government and to establish a Boererepubliek (Boer republic) and volkstaat. Public areas such as taxi ranks, bus stops and railway stations were targeted, as were private residential and business premises of those associated with the ANC or the unfolding democratic order. State property was also targeted, especially following the announcement that the Group Areas Act was to be repealed and schools opened to all. A number of formerly 'white' schools were bombed. The campaign involved many acts of sabotage, some of which led to the loss of life.

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An ANC supporter who suffered injuries when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
An ANC supporter who suffered injuries when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
An ANC supporter who was shot dead when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. See Richmond attacks. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217).
An ANC supporter who suffered injuries when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. See Richmond attacks. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217).
bombed by AWB members in Hoopstad, Orange Free State (OFS) in December 1993. The incident took place at a time when the AWB were carrying out random attacks in the province in retaliation for the PAC`s `one settler, one bullet` campaign and their attacks on white ...
An ANC supporter who suffered injuries when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
An ANC supporter who was killed when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
An ANC supporter who suffered injuries when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
Suffered injuries when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. See Richmond attacks. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217).
A member of the SAP who was shot and seriously wounded by APLA members at a roadblock in Botshabelo, near Bloemfontein, during July 1993. See APLA attacks. Two APLA members were granted amnesty (AC/2000/033). See APLA attacks.
An ANC supporter who suffered injuries when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
An ANC supporter who was shot and injured when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
Was killed during attacks by IFP supporters on ANC-supporting families at Richmond, Natal, on 23 June 1991. See Richmond attacks.
An ANC supporter who was stabbed and injured when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
A civilian travelling as a passenger in a taxi who was injured when APLA members and the police exchanged fire during APLA attacks on white civilians and police members at Ficksburg, Orange Free State (OFS) on 10 December 1992. Three perpetrators were granted amnesty (AC/1999/0182). See APLA ...
Her house and all belongings were burnt in arson attacks during intense conflict between ANC and IFP supporters at Richmond Farm, near KwaMashu, Durban, in 1990. See Richmond Farm arson attacks.
... burnt down in an attack on an informal settlement at Esikhawini, KwaZulu, near Empangeni, Natal, on 26 August 1992. Eight people were killed in attacks that day, two of which were directed against the homes of ANC members. Shotgun shells matching those used by the KwaZulu Police were found at ...
Was shot and injured in June 1986 in Nyanga, Cape Town, during the attacks on UDF-supporting squatter camps by Witdoeke vigilantes, acting with the tacit approval and aid of the security forces. Over 60 people were killed in the attacks and 20 000 homes destroyed.
An ANC supporter who was shot and stabbed to death when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
An ANC supporter who was killed when IFP supporters and Caprivi trainees carried out attacks on ANC supporters in Richmond, Natal, between 21 and 23 June 1991. One perpetrator was granted amnesty (AC/1999/217). See Richmond attacks.
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