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train violence

Explanation
Train violence first emerged in July 1900 with a series of attacks on commuters travelling on the Johannesburg-Soweto line, leaving one person dead and about 30 injured. Between 1990 and 1993, approximately 572 people died in more than 600 incidents of train violence. What started as unplanned group attacks and individual killings became more frequent planned, orchestrated incidents involving large groups of people. Gunmen would open fire from railway station platforms or spray commuters with bullets from inside coaches. Perpetrators of such attacks were intent on causing general terror rather than achieving a clear political objective. Train violence appeared to have been initiated by groups opposed to a democratic transition and the possibility of an ANC-led government. Both IFP members and members of the security forces were implicated in perpetrating attacks.

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... the IFP attacking members of the train sector. Many comrades were murdered in trains. Even myself, I'm one of the victims or survivors within the train violence. Therefore we saw that it was important that we should call a mass meeting. We would invite people from East Rand, West Rand and ...
... the IFP attacking members of the train sector. Many comrades were murdered in trains. Even myself, I'm one of the victims or survivors within the train violence. Therefore we saw that it was important that we should call a mass meeting. We would invite people from East Rand, West Rand and ...
It is commonly agreed that train violence was closely related to other political violence occurring in the country at the time, of which so-called "black-on-black" violence was a major component. In its interim report, the Goldstone Commission concluded that "the violence on the trains cannot be ...
... corroborated allegations and suggested to the Minister of Defence that the Goldstone Commission investigate allegations in connection with taxi and train killings. Following this the SAP spent 14 days of intensive investigation at 5 Reconnaissance Regiment, allegedly one of the main perpetrators ...
MR LAX: So by attacking random white motorists, you were in some way hoping to achieve a reprisal for the sorts of attacks that Boipathong and the train violence symbolised?
political risk for the then NP government. Is it now not tempting to link the outbreak of violence in the Rand Black townships during 1990 and the train massacres to the activities of the Directorate of Covert Collections. The chapter on the violence that erupted in the 1990's after the ...
... They ran towards the hostel and one of my son's friends said we know you, we will find you. That is where it ended. This is similar to the train violence. It was just people just shooting. But on that day there were many dead bodies in 4th and 5th Avenue and that week before I could ...
MR MNGUNI: Yes, there are several of them, even though I do not know their names. The one that I know very well is Buthelezi, who used to reside at Dube hostel. He died during the train violence.
... on the violence. These included the role of hostels in the violence, the role of the South African Police service, as well as an indepth look at train violence. We also published a document which related to police torture of victims on the East Rand and other ...
... not see MK members as constituting the entire defence unit, that the ordinary people needed to be recruited into the units and given discipline and training, that it was an MK members duty to do everything possible to assist, to train, to arm, to educate and so on. That's basically what this ...
... was the Inkatha Freedom Party, it was the ANC. In fact the incident you're speaking about, there were 11 people that day who were affected by this train violence and people thrown off the train and people attacked. But what is beginning to emerge from our own investigations and from amnesty ...
But as Iíve said already, there was violence happening - a great deal of violence happening and in our perception the victims were either - or very often, ANC aligned people or just citizens you know, catching a train or catching a mini-bus.
... to violence in the hope of achieving what they have not been able to achieve through negotiations. These terrorist groups are inter-connected. They train in the same camps, and receive support from the same governments. Even the slogans and phrases they use are often identical. Many of their ...
MR SHABANGU: At home they suspected that something was wrong, because I was delayed, because they have already heard that in the morning something happened, that train violence took place and that was the very train that I used to use.
In many instances Self Defence Units were a spontaneous creation of the masses of people where violence was. So, I was aware for an example that people on their own accord used to find their own weapons, used to find where to train.
... away from political violence, that is black on black violence inside the country. I was appointed a commander and a commissar at the same time to train those young comrades to come back inside the country to defend themselves and the ...
... you've spoken of this in great detail, apparent hit squad activity increased dramatically. We know of approximately 300 people who were killed in train attacks in that period. There were some 50 massacres in which ten or more people died. Violence was the pattern at an unprecedented level in ...
... from the SAP, it was the structures of the ANC which were helped by the SAP to fight against Inkatha. Khumalo told us that since we're going for training, to train as constables, Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi has met with the seniors of the SAP about the assaults and killing of Inkatha people in ...
... by investigative unit. We have a number of special investigations which are going on for instance into cross-border raids, into taxi violence, into train violence. So our investigative unit does not have the capacity to do that kind of work within the health sector and it's up to us to try and ...
were shot from the window of a bus. This sort of violence has been responsible for the death of thousands of people in this country. Whether it is train violence in the Johannesburg and the East Rand, where people were thrown of trains; whether it was a massacre in a shebeen, such as happened ...
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