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train violence

Explanation
Train violence first emerged in July 1900 with a series of attacks on commuters travelling on the Johannesburg-Soweto line, leaving one person dead and about 30 injured. Between 1990 and 1993, approximately 572 people died in more than 600 incidents of train violence. What started as unplanned group attacks and individual killings became more frequent planned, orchestrated incidents involving large groups of people. Gunmen would open fire from railway station platforms or spray commuters with bullets from inside coaches. Perpetrators of such attacks were intent on causing general terror rather than achieving a clear political objective. Train violence appeared to have been initiated by groups opposed to a democratic transition and the possibility of an ANC-led government. Both IFP members and members of the security forces were implicated in perpetrating attacks.

I was chopped and my hand was cut and I had no arm after that. The doctor asked me where was the other piece of my arm. I told him I don’t know.
... give birth to the third force in South Africa by ordering Eugene de Kock and his men to arm and train Inkatha? Was the security police behind the train violence of the early nineties, and involved in massacres like Boipatong? To what extend did they order or approve the wave of mayhem and ...
... was Bheki and not Coetzee. Bheki Mlangeni was anyway a member of the ANC. De Kock was very selective in his evidence. He didn’t tell us about the train violence, the Boipatong massacre or his role in the Shell House killings. De Kock said his war never included women, children and innocent ...
This relationship between the hostels and a third force was often spoken of in the same breath as taxi wars and train violence.
... what the proposals before the Sate Security Council asked for. It was not the only element of the third force, the army special forces took part in train violence in the 1980s as part of a third force. And Vlakplaas and the army’s Directorate Covert Collection also acted as a third force in ...
The Army’s Directorate Covert Collection which Malan did not mention also engaged in third force activities, as did the cynically named Civil Cooperation Bureau. // The CCB organisation as a component of special forces was approved in principal by me. Special forces was an integral and supportive ...
It all began in 1988 when Katiza left his home in Zululand. // I was just fed up with the violence. I boarded a train to Johannesburg. I didn’t have any money. As soon as the train started to move the tears filled my eyes, because I’m thinking where am I going, I’ve never been to ...
know who killed Robert Smit, who shot down Dulcie September, Anton Lubowski or Ric Turner? Will we learn about the forces responsible for the brutal train violence that claimed hundreds of lives, or township massacres like that in Boipatong? What exactly did the Directorate Covert Collection do ...
This relationship between the hostels and a third force was often spoken of in the same breath as taxi wars and train violence. // Hostel dwellers are amongst the poorest and most isolated of urban communities and this obviously provided a fertile ground for sewing any seeds of division and hatred ...
 
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