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ANC camps

Explanation
The ANC established bases in several African countries. The Department of Intelligence and Security (DIS), together with the military headquarters of MK, had control over residential centres and the Angolan camps, including 'Camp 32' or the Morris Seabelo Rehabilitation Centre (popularly known as 'Quatro'), Panga, Viana and the Nova Catengue camp. Following the SADF bombing of Nova Catengue camp in 1979, there was an atmosphere of paranoia about infiltration by South African agents. A number of ANC members were detained and tortured; some died as a result of assaults and some were executed. Dissatisfaction in MK training camps in Angola led to mutinies at the Viana and Pango camps during 1984. Both mutinies were put down with loss of lives on both sides. Many MK members were detained in connection with the uprisings, and some were tortured. Two groups of mutineers were tried by military tribunals and seven were executed.

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MR DE KOCK: I will not dispute it. The other askaris also testified regarding structures, commanders and camps. In this regard they must have required a more expert person.
MR MOTAHUNG: I went to exile and joined the ANC. When I arrived in exile, I obtained military training. After they came back after the suspension of the armed struggle, we were not doing anything in the military camps. We were informed that we were going to be incorporated in the South African ...
... experience and I think that families have been torn apart, there are many children who have been left fatherless or motherless without any assistance. There are many of us who actually were sent into exile, into camps in foreign lands. Some of them have come back, some of them have serious ...
... man that was looking for accommodation, but since it was at night, she would not be able to go and fetch him, because he was staying in squatter camps. We then said that we would come back the following day, but we did not want to frequent that house, because she told us that that house was ...
MR SHANGASE: The purpose of going into exile, besides the tense situation, violence, on-going political violence that was in my township, it was also to further my political knowledge and to gain military training, but under MK camps, because that was my organisation's military wing.
... Operations Command which I joined. After I was an Instructor in the camps I came to Mozambique. I came into the country, I did some reconnaissance work inside the country, when I returned I had again - we had decided we shouldn't carry out that operation, I was then placed on the command of ...
MR NGUBANE: Did he, when he was still residing in the area, attend camps which you held as the Self Defence Unit?
... ticket, I left that as evidence that I had been in exile and it was not for the first time that I had been exiled. I had been to Angola and many camps through Comrade Chris ...
MR JANSE VAN RENSBURG: I suspect that you are referring to the unit specialising more in interrogation of suspects in order to obtain information from where tourist camps were across the borders where the terrorists, how their movements were, etc, if you are referring to that.
In 1989 or Ď90, Balulwana from Lusaka wrote to us as the family saying that my brother is in exile at the ANC camps in Lusaka. Iím sad when speaking of this letter. This letter was taken by a Comrade from exile who was going to look for my brother. We could not find this letter yesterday or ...
MR KLOPPERS: When the struggle would move to revolution Constant Viljoen and his generals would take over certain army bases camps and Ferdie Hartzenberg along with Yster and Staal as well as the Mine Workers Union would have brought about complete darkness in South Africa. The SABC, radio stations ...
(D) The killing of the non-white population through a system of slave or tied labour especially in so-called transit camps.
... attend to the duties that he has been given in terms of the punishment. It is not a detention as such. Detention, it's only at Camp 32, in other camps there was no detention, it was only a place where you keep in disciplinary actions or activities that have been committed by individuals within ...
MR NKOSI: In the northern camps.
have heard many other witnesses tell the same sort of story yesterday, particularly in areas like Murchison, where people were forced to go on night camps, and if they did not go some of them were assaulted and even killed. And it seems as though that you were being forced into the same sort of ...
ADV SIGODI: Just one aspect, to clarify. How many training camps were there in Botswana?
The Afrikaner to this day, in spite of his civilisation and his ... (inaudible) ... does not forget the concentration camps which the Englishmen had in this land. Yes, brother, they were bad. I ... (inaudible) ... them, and my parents suffered with them in those concentration camps, if you want to ...
MR VISSER: Yes. And if I may, a last questions, Mr Chairman. Did they, were they supposed to do the same work as the askaris from Vlakplaas, to identify ANC supporters that they might have met in camps and so on and identify people from photographs and assist in their arrests?
MS MIYA: The last time I saw my brother, that was in 1980 in Luanda. They were there to collect some food from the Logistics Department. I met him at our residence where they normally wait for the trucks to be loaded with food and then they go back to the camps.
served 6 years in prison for their ideas and beliefs. People said to us things like, you donít want to waste your life like that my boy. One month camps were mandatory every year after the 2 year conscription. Many young men wasted valuable working time in these camps and very often they sat ...
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