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right-wing attacks

Explanation
Prior to February 1990, violations committed by members of right-wing organisations took the form of isolated attacks with a strong racist character. During the early 1990s, members of right-wing organisations, perceiving themselves to be placed under siege by the process of constitutional negotiations for a democratic dispensation, carried out a large number of attacks aimed at securing the political interests of conservative Afrikaners. Isolated racist attacks on individuals were replaced by mass demonstrations and orchestrated bombing and sabotage campaigns. Between April 1993 and May 1994, right-wing groups engaged in a range of activities to disrupt the negotiations process then underway, and later to destabilise the electoral process. Many of these acts were directed against persons perceived to be supporters and leaders of the ANC, the SACP, the UDF, the PAC and the National Party, and resulted in gross violations of human rights. Violations of a purely racial character were also carried out against black people. During the pre-election period, the AWB and other right-wing organisations engaged in a bombing campaign with the aim of derailing the electoral process. The objective of these activities was to move towards 'overthrowing' the National Party government and to establish a Boererepubliek (Boer republic) and volkstaat. Public areas such as taxi ranks, bus stops and railway stations were targeted, as were private residential and business premises of those associated with the ANC or the unfolding democratic order. State property was also targeted, especially following the announcement that the Group Areas Act was to be repealed and schools opened to all. A number of formerly 'white' schools were bombed. The campaign involved many acts of sabotage, some of which led to the loss of life.

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in all its manifestations. We make no apologies, we have nothing to hide. // But there was a wide expectation that the PAC should explain the brutal attacks by APLA on white civilians. // A new pattern arose in the 1990s where civilians within the white community were attacked. In the nature of ...
... then ordered that all my baggage, personal effects be removed by the FBI and then I had to get new clothes. And that was the only way in which the attacks stopped. ...
During his time at Valkplaas Mentz began suffering from severe panic attacks. Since 1984 he has become too scared to sleep as he constantly relives violent episodes in his dreams. He started drinking heavily to cope with trauma and today his psychiatrist classifies him as fully dysfunctional. ...
Many of the attacks launched beyond our borders targeted individuals and apartheid’s assassins even travelled as far as Europe to take out opponents. The April 1980 attempt on the life of Michael Lapsley was the last time the embattled nationalist government used the strategy of cross-border ...
... 1989 the South African military fought a bloody war against the Angolan government forces and their allies, the Cubans. During the same period, attacks against ANC facilities in Southern Africa cost many lives and created much suffering. The story of South Africa’s regional wars and the ...
... on him to gain information. He was a great ANC activist. He had thrown several petrol bombs in Mamelodi and he was involved in arson and petrol attacks on policemen’s houses. Electrical shocks were also executed on him and it was necessary to gain information from him about his activities ...
in any way assisted the move to democracy in South Africa? // I don’t understand how your question fit into all this. However the aim of all these attacks was to fight to get back our land. Therefore, as I’m saying, there’s nothing racial, it was just an order that I had to carry ...
house was under attack on a number of occasions. The last time it was burned to ashes, it was on the 26th of November, but it went all through those attacks of petrol bombs at different dates. // But it wasn’t burnt on the 12th of July? // No, it was finally burnt to ashes on the 26th of ...
... in 1980. These two men spearheaded the total counterrevolutionary strategy that dominated South Africa in the 1980s. It was a brutal strategy of attacks across our country’s borders, clandestine operations, dirty tricks, death squads and the sinister third force. It was therefore with ...
... South Africa’s prisons. We have heard the perpetrators of torture describe their methods: the wet bag, the helicopter, electric shocks. Sadistic attacks against the body. Yet the one form of torture described as the worst the world over is that of solitary confinement, where a prisoner is ...
... full of danger and that incidents of this kind would increase in frequency. Our purpose was also to show to the PAC and its communist allies that attacks of this kind would not be tolerated. When I heard of the attack I immediately contacted Adriaan Smuts and Mr. Eugene Marais and asked them ...
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