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ANC camps

Explanation
The ANC established bases in several African countries. The Department of Intelligence and Security (DIS), together with the military headquarters of MK, had control over residential centres and the Angolan camps, including 'Camp 32' or the Morris Seabelo Rehabilitation Centre (popularly known as 'Quatro'), Panga, Viana and the Nova Catengue camp. Following the SADF bombing of Nova Catengue camp in 1979, there was an atmosphere of paranoia about infiltration by South African agents. A number of ANC members were detained and tortured; some died as a result of assaults and some were executed. Dissatisfaction in MK training camps in Angola led to mutinies at the Viana and Pango camps during 1984. Both mutinies were put down with loss of lives on both sides. Many MK members were detained in connection with the uprisings, and some were tortured. Two groups of mutineers were tried by military tribunals and seven were executed.

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... covers the HRV hearings held in Empangeni (4 to 6 November 1996) from where we hear victims’ testimonies of the violent clashes between IFP and ANC supporters in KwaZulu-Natal. This segment includes evidence on the assassination of Dr Henry Luthuli – implicating police complicity – and ...
... Maake, Andrew Makope and Harold Sefolo by the South African Police's Vlakplaas operatives; and lastly, human rights violations committed by the ANC, including the Church Street (Pretoria) and Amanzimtoti bombings and incidents of abuse and disappearance in ANC rehabilitation camps. ...
Human rights violations at ANC rehab camps
ANC detention camps
But the ANC is not denying that there were what they called ‘excesses’ in their camps, in fact a lot of what we know of the violations in these camps come from documentation given to the Truth Commission by the ANC and from several commissions of inquiry the ANC itself had appointed. The ANC ...
Human rights violations in ANC detention camps
Konyimane Ranyaka was a MK cadre who disappeared mysteriously. His brother, Molekoane has received conflicting statements from the ANC and is still seeking answers. // I’m bitter, very bitter. I know, our people, how they think you know, they mystify the ANC, they must separate the quest for ...
victim. He claims he went to see the ANC to explain why he had started working for the security police. After telling them his story, he was sent to ANC camps in Zambia, Angola and Uganda. There he was repeatedly beaten and tortured and in February 1991 was sentenced by an ANC tribunal to 15 years ...
... be detected. We know that a number of ANC activists and guerrillas had died after swallowing poison injected into food and drink and distributed to ANC camps in Tanzania, Angola and Mozambique. But the best documented case of a very sophisticated poisoning was Siphiwo Mtimkulu. The policemen who ...
It turned out to be a very appropriate name, Mbokodo, the stone that crushes. The name of the ANC’s security department while the ANC was still in exile in neighbouring states. The infiltration of South African government spies led to paranoia and the resulting rehabilitation camps became places ...
The notorious Angolan camps for ANC recruits from South Africa in the seventies and early eighties were not all that the determined and militant youth who skipped the country expected them to be. One such camp was Quatro.
... were lies, but also within my statement that I made, my statement was also based on truth that I was really tortured by the ANC. And I was in the ANC camps as an ANC prisoner. When we returned back from exile we were a group of 20 but from this group of 20 I just happened not to join the other ...
The ANC’s next crisis followed shortly afterwards. The apartheid government recruited, bought and blackmailed hundreds of people to infiltrate the ANC camps. Soon, the ANC was overcome by a wave of paranoia. Their judicial and security systems could simply not deal with spies and suspected ...
‘The Dark Side, The ANC in exile’ // What traumatized me most is to see people being tortured. // ‘Torture, Quatro Camp’ // Lots of people, others beaten, their jaws broken and some… there’s another colleague of mine who was one of the mutinees. He had his skull opened up, with a ...
this past week, Truth Commissioners grilling the leaders of the political parties who were in conflict the last few decades. It was the second appearance by political parties before the Commission. This time they had to respond to questions from the Commission and give detailed information. This ...
... In South Africa the brutalised sometimes became the brutalisers. // Teddy Williams, a former member of Umkhonto we Sizwe, was sent to the ANC’s Quatro rehabilitation camp for taking part in a camp mutiny. // What traumatized me most is to see people being tortured. Lots of people … ...
Khotso Flatela left the country in 1986. A year later his mother Nombi was informed of his death. // I got a telegram from Lusaka. The telegram stated that he met with an accident, but it was not stated what kind of accident. The telegram was signed by comrade Alfred Nzo. // She went to Lusaka only ...
out was through Lesotho. From there the UN High Commission for refugees arranged passage to Zambia where the 14 to 20 year olds were welcomed by the ANC. Once in the ANC’s transit camps these youngsters were faced with a choice: they could go to school or to the army. Most of the exiters from ...
The ANC made detailed submissions in which they dealt head on with a long list of thorny issues like necklacing, civilian casualties inflicted by their bombing campaigns and even torture in their own camps.
... intelligence cooperative for Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1987. // We believe she took this responsibility seriously. She continued to have contact with ANC Military Intelligence when she moved to northern Natal. She may have been involved in other underground activities that we don’t know about, so ...
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